Why plant common oaks?
A widespread species in Eurasia, the common oak adapts very well to oceanic, sub-oceanic and moderate to humid continental climates. Together with the sessile oak, it is the main economic species. With 4.5 million hectares of oak forests, France has almost 40% of the total area of oak trees in Europe. It is the largest producer of oak in Europe and the second largest in the world, after the United States. Oak is the French species par excellence. A pioneer to post-pioneer species, it develops on a variety of substrates, clay, silt, sand and peat. It develops well on mesophilic soils that are neither dry nor too wet, and mesophygrophilic (cool and wet). During the growing season, the common oak needs more water than the sessile oak, which is why it is well adapted to certain regions (Brittany, Mayenne, Auvergne) where rainfall is regular and droughts rare. As an adult, the common oak can withstand flooding, as can its acorn, which is not the case for the sessile oak.