Maritime Pine: Meaning & Uses

Maritime pine is a fast growing tree that can reach 30 meters in height

3427Arbre1820%FR PineUneven-aged high forest Guiscriff Forest 56
Age: 0 to 2 years old
Guiscriff Forest
Morbihan, Brittany, France

Maritime Pine

Maritime pine ( Pinus pinaster ) is very widespread and covers more than 10% of wooded areas in France. It is part of the Pinaceae family. Coming from southwestern Europe, this species is very common south of the Atlantic coast and on the Mediterranean coast.

Why does EcoTree plant Maritime Pines?

EcoTree mainly plants maritime pines in forest where the soils are infertile and very sandy. In addition, maritime pines offer protection to oak leaves by reducing insect damage through insectivorous birds.

Maritime Pine - Overview

Maritime Pine - Overview

Its bark is thick and very fissured, orange-brown to purple in color, and the twigs are brown. The branches grow horizontally starting from the trunk which tends to thin out at the bottom as the tree grows. The buds are tapered with reflective scales. The evergreen needles are grouped in pairs and are 15 to 25 cm long, they are rigid and robust, dark greyish green, very shiny, and point towards the front of the branches.
The inflorescences appear in April-May: light yellow (males) or purplish red (females). The male cones produce a large quantity of yellow pollen dispersed by the wind in "sulfur rain". The female cones are ovoid and elongated: they are worms at the beginning and then take on a shiny reddish-brown color when they reach maturity in the fall of their third year: they can therefore remain on the tree for several years.
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Maritime Pine

Maritime Pine - Species requirements

Maritime pine, as its name suggests, withstands sea spray and strong winds, which means that it is mainly found near the Atlantic as well as the Mediterranean. In addition, it helps stabilize the dunes since they support sandy soils. It is a calcifuge species, not greedy in fertilizer, but eager for light and heat. Maritime pine will thrive in poor, well-drained, but deep soil, preferably acidic and moist. It tolerates drought but has more and more difficulty tolerating harsh winters. This pine is therefore very sensitive to cold, which limits its progression north. It is planted from October to April, excluding the frost period, of course.

The maritime pine wood

Its fairly dark reddish, hard, heavy, resinous heartwood Moderately nervous, it resists compression well but is not very flexible and is quite crackable. it can be worked, nailed and painted, however, well. The wood used by carpenters, joiners especially for parquet floors, but also this wood is used to make poles, packaging ... In the past, we harvested its resin from which they pulled the turpentine.

The Maritime Pine's symbolism

Sometimes called the "golden tree", the maritime pine materializes power, determination and vital force through the persistence of its foliage. This essence is also the symbol of energy and robustness because it resists winds and storms.
With its determining character, it is the original and lasting gift to offer for the success of a training course and the reception of a diploma . Offer a maritime pine to your loved ones when they have succeeded with resolution, courage, energy and firmness in their projects, training, learning, ambitions ...

Give a tree , the original diploma gift and an opportunity to congratulate your loved one while making a gesture for the environment ! Offer a maritime pine!