The Nordmann fir ( Abies nordmanniana ), from the Pinaceae family, is also called " Caucasian fir ", because of its geographical origins. It should not be confused with the common spruce whose cones are drooping, unlike the Nordmann which has its upright cones.
This fir comes from temperate regions of Western Asia (Caucasus, Georgia, Russia, Armenia ...). It was introduced to Europe in the mid-19th century by a Finnish botanist who gave it his name, Alexander von Nordmann. This species has a majestic habit, conical then cylindrical. Its bark is gray, smooth, but with a tendency to crack into patches with age. Its evergreen has flat needles with a dark green top and a sea green underside, with two prominent white bands. In autumn, its male flowers appear in the form of small erect catkins, yellowish or reddish. Its female flowers are greenish cones, grouped at the top of the tree. Its fruits are cylindrical cones 15 centimeters in length, light green and turning brown when ripe in October-November.
The Nordmann fir grows well in mountainous forests, at altitudes between 1000 and 2000 meters, in a fairly humid continental climate. The Nordmann fir appreciates a soil rich in humus, well drained, fresh, slightly acidic. It also supports calcareous or sandy soils. It prefers deep soils and dreads waterlogged land. Nordmann fir is rather sensitive to pollution , so it does not grow well in cities. This species is very hardy and does not fear spring frosts because its vegetation starts later. A full sun exposure away from cold winds will suit him but he also tolerates partial shade. During the first years, it should be staked, braced and watered regularly.
In any region, Nordmann is an alternative to other species of fir for reforestation and the production of wood for frames and joinery. Its white wood is also used in construction and for the production of pulp. Nordmann fir is widely used as a Christmas tree because, unlike spruce, it does not lose its needles too quickly when exposed to the heat of homes.
With the approach of end of year celebrations the Christmas tree is in everyone's mind! We all want to find the tree of our dreams, the one that will shine brightly and whose base will house the gifts left by Santa Claus. The Nordmann is the flagship Christmas tree in recent years, the king of kings, the one who does not lose his needles!
Christmas the biggest holiday of the year is the best opportunity to give a lasting gift. Surprise your loved ones with a young Christmas tree! After New Year's Day, the tree will be able to live and continue to grow to become a great Christmas tree full of beauty and strength. Give a Nordmann tree, offer an original Christmas present but also durable, which will continue to please year after year! Offer a tree!