Fraxinus excelsior , the common ash or tall ash, is a deciduous tree belonging to the Oleacea family. The genus Fraxinus comes from the word "spear" in Latin because it is from ash wood that the spears of the soldiers were made. Common ash is widely distributed in Europe and can grow up to 400 meters in altitude.
In several European countries, the Common Ash is in significant decline due to the spread of a disease caused by the fungus: chalarosis. However, the Ash is home to a large number of animals, plants and fungal species which depend closely on it. It is therefore important to ensure its planting and survival. EcoTree acts against the chalarose invasion of the Ash trees by diversifying species : the trees are protected by other species.
This tree is recognizable by its large trunk whose bark is greenish grey or yellowish, initially smooth turning grey brown. Ash has black buds clearly visible in winter. Its dark green, deciduous , pinnate leaves are divided into 7 to 15 oval leaflets. They have sharp teeth and are organized around the central vein, like a feather. They appear rather late, in May, and persist until early winter, turning yellow in fall.
Its flowers appear in April-May, and persist until early winter. There are male ash trees, female ash trees, and hermaphrodite ash trees. Winged fruits, in flattened samaras, contain one seed each.
Ash grows well in almost any soil, even limestone , but prefers fertile, deep and well-drained soils. It dreads compact and stubborn soils. The Ash is a tree of light and therefore needs exposure to the sun.
The resilient Ash wood is white, slightly pinkish and pearly, quite hard and very tenacious. It is also very elastic, which makes it interesting for making wooden tool handles. Furthermore, the ash wood often used in making of many music instruments, as well as in cabinetry.
In the Middle Ages, ash trees were planted off castles to ensure the supply of spears, javelins and spears. Nowadays, it is used in the manufacture of skis, oars, tennis rackets, billiard cues.
Its hardwood has long made it the symbol of powerful solidity and immortality. He acted as a link, and even sometimes as a mediator, between heaven and earth. Ash is the protective tree for children, making it the perfect gift for Father's Day . What could be more original, than giving a tree to your father , a living and authentic gift!
Give a green gift for Father's day and thus help improve the ecological balance sheet of the planet : offer an ash tree!